What are special educational needs?
Children learn at different speeds and in different ways. Teachers take this into account when they organise children’s lessons. But some children still find it much harder to learn than others of the same age and may need extra help. This may be because they have difficulties with:
Reading, writing, number work or understanding information
Expressing themselves or understanding what is being said to them
Understanding and following rules and routines
Making friends or relating to adults
A medical condition
A sensory need such as a difficulty with seeing or hearing
These children are said to have special educational needs. (This does not include children who have trouble keeping up because their first language is not English.)
The Department for Education publishes a code of practice on SEND, which is a guide for schools and councils on how to help children and young people with SEND.